Treatment and prevention for heart disease is generally the same for both men and women. Two major forms of treatment include, lifestyle changes and medical procedures. Usually one would resort to medical procedures if the problem is too complex to be treated with lifestyle changes.

Lifestyle Changes

Making lifestyle changes can help prevent and treat heart disease in women. For some people, lifestyle treatments is all they need.

QUIT SMOKING

  • Smoking is the number one risk factor contributing to heart disease. So remember, the more you smoke, the more your risk for heart disease increases.
  • Make sure to see your doctor for more information on programs or products that will help you quit immediately. 

 

FOLLOW A HEALTHY DIET 

  • A healthy diet is an important part of a healthy lifestyle.
  • Keeping track of what you eat can reduce/prevent many of the risk factors contributing to heart disease.
  • Talk to your nutritionist or doctor to see what diet will work best for you. 

 

MAINTAIN AN ACTIVE LIFESTYLE 

  • By pledging to be physically active, you will lower many heart disease risk factors such as, high LDL cholesterol, high blood pressure and excessive weight.
  • Physical activity can help keep your blood vessels flexible and open so blood can be evenly pumped throughout your body. The American Heart Association recommends,
    • “At least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity at least 5 days per week for a total of 150″ 
    • Or, “At least 25 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity at least 3 days per week for a total of 75 minutes; or a combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity aerobic activity”.
  • Talk to your doctor to see what exercise plan will best for you before starting.

STRESS AND DEPRESSION

  • In women especially, stress and depression is a major risk factor for heart disease. Its important to learn how to manage and handle these emotional issues. By doing this, you will see significant improvements on your mental and physical health.
  • Talk to your doctor regarding these issues, he or she may recommend counseling or prescribe medicines to help.  

Medicines   

If lifestyle changes are not enough, you may need to see your doctor so that he or she can prescribe you medication. Medicines can help:

  • An unhealthy diet can dramatically increase your risk for CHD.
  • Reduce your heart’s workload and relieve CHD symptoms.
  • Lower your chance of having a heart attack or sudden death.
  • Lower your cholesterol, blood pressure, and other disease risk factors.
  • Prevent blood clots.
  • Prevent or delay the need for a procedure or surgery, such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

Doctors may prescribe/recommend some of the follow medications 

  • Beta blocker medications may help reduce the impact of adrenaline on the heart, slowing the heart rate. These medications may also help the heart beat more efficiently “
  • Calcium Channel blockers can also help the heart muscle contract and pump more efficiently”.
  • Nitrates can help open up coronary arteries to increase blood flow to the heart muscle.
  • If there is significant narrowing of the coronary arteries, stenting or angioplasty may be recommended to open up the blocked areas. These procedures are performed in conjunction with cardiac catheterization.

Make sure to schedule an appointment with your local cardiologist or with our team at Heart and Health to see what medicine will work best for your body before deciding for yourself.

 

Websites Used

  1. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hdw/treatment
  2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20341576
  3. http://www.medicinenet.com/heart_disease_coronary_artery_disease/article.htm#what_is_the_medical_treatment_for_heart_cardiovascular_disease
  4. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/heart-disease/art-20046167?pg=2
  5. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/HealthyLiving/PhysicalActivity/FitnessBasics/American-Heart-Association-Recommendations-for-Physical-Activity-in-Adults_UCM_307976_Article.jsp#.WZzFoZN97-Y